The innovation of web and mobile applications has transformed the way enterprises deliver value to their customers. Organizations are spending a huge amount of money and time building intuitive user interfaces for front-end. However, we cannot deny the fact that a robust back-end framework is essential for a seamless front-end experience. In this article, we have listed top back-end frameworks with their key features that will help you to decide which is the best framework for your organization.
Table of Contents
Django is a free and open-source back-end web development framework based on Python. It has everything that developers need for backend functionalities. It doesn’t require you to do a lot of coding while building web apps. Being developed in a fast-paced newsroom environment, it enables developers to build apps quickly.
Industry leaders are using Django to build all sorts of things- from social networks to Content Management System (CMS) to the scientific computing platform. It’s a good fit for you if you have to build large applications. However, using Django for smaller applications may not be a good idea, as it can overload your small projects with unnecessary features.
- It takes care of all your web development tasks, including site maps, RSS feeds, content administration, user authentication and more.
- With its command-line utilities to create, you can automatically create database tables.
- It enables you to design your own models and solve your database schema issues.
- Once you define your model, it can automatically create a profound and production-ready admin interface.
- It provides you the following security features:
|1. Protecting you from XXS attack, meaning when an attacker sends malicious code to different end-users, by using a web application.|
|2. Protecting you from CSRF attack, meaning an attack that persuades end-users to execute unwanted actions (like clicking on any event) on the website in which they are the authorized user. |
|3. Protecting you from SQL injection. This is an attack that results in data leakage or deleted data. |
- You can use Django to quickly scale your applications in order to meet the customer’s demands.
Specifications of Django:
- Latest Version: Django 2.2.4
- Language used: Python
- Website Link: https://www.djangoproject.com
- Github Link: https://github.com/django/django
- Websites using Django: National Geographic, Mozilla, Quora, Disqus , Pinterest, Instagram.
Lavarel is a back-end framework based on PHP that lets you deliver amazing applications. With its clean and elegant code syntax, it helps developers to push their web development skills to the next level. It has its own database migration system that allows developers’ team to easily build, modify and share the application database schema (visual representation of a database).
- It has a robust ecosystem:
|Envoyer||It lets you deploy your application easily in zero time.|
|Horizon||It provides you with a beautiful dashboard that allows you to easily analyze and monitor your queue system, including runtime, failures, and throughput.|
|Lumen||It is a perfect solution to make Lavarel based micro-services and APIs.|
|Nova||It is an administration panel by Lavarel that help developers to become more productive in less time.|
|Spark||This Lavarel package provides code generation technique for every item that you may not want to code, such as subscription billing, invoices, authentication, password reset, etc.|
- It will assist you in implementing real-time chat applications.
- It provides you with a modern toolkit, including a powerful queue library, routing, simple authentication and amazing Object Relational Model (ORM) to deliver an amazing application.
- With Forge (a serverless PHP by Lavarel), you can deploy unlimited PHP applications on AWS, DigitalOcean and more.
- Latest Version: Laravel 5.4.22
- Language used: PHP
- Lavarel Link: https://laravel.com/
- Github Link: https://github.com/laravel/laravel
- Websites using Laravel: Deltanet Travel , Neighbourhood Lender
3. Spring Boot
Spring boot is a spring-based framework that makes back-end web development tasks easy for developers. It enables developers to write production-grade back-end web applications in Java. With its microservices feature, it allows developers to share the load of request handling from various devices or platforms. This, in turn, reduces the workload of developers.
- It is used to build stand-alone back-end web applications that are ready-to-run.
- With Spring Boot, developers can add dependencies in their project with ease.
- With its Spring Boot CLI (Command Line Interface by Spring), developers can write in Groovy, a programming language for the Java platform that simplifies the development process.
- It doesn’t require any code generation and XML (eXtensible Markup Language) configuration, making it easier for developers to create applications.
- Latest Version: Spring Boot 2.0
- Language used: Java
- Framework Link: http://projects.spring.io/spring-framework/
- Github Link: https://github.com/spring-projects/spring-framework
- Websites using Spring: Allocine, Mascus
Express is a free and open-source back-end development framework for web applications. It is considered the foremost framework for creating Node.js applications. It is widely used by developers to write web-based back-end applications and to create APIs with minimal effort. Being fast, secure and flexible, it is one of the most vital components of MEAN stack development.
- It lets you create your own templates engine, reducing the development time.
- While running Express apps for production, it will:
|1.||Restart the app if it crashes.|
|2.||Extract insights into memory and resource consumption and run-time performance.|
|3.||Modify settings accordingly in order to improve performance.|
- It offers various HTTP utilities to create robust APIs.
- Framework Link: http://expressjs.com/
- Github Link: https://github.com/strongloop/express
- Websites that used Express: Uber, Accenture, IBM, Myspace
Phoenix is a back-end framework written in Elixir (a functional programming language that runs on Erlang virtual machine). It is used to create modern web applications that are scalable and maintainable at the same time.
Many of its concepts and components are similar to other web frameworks like Django and Ruby on Rails
- With its real-time streaming technology, you can build interactive apps, including real-time chats, messaging apps, mobile apps and more.
- With its productive tools, you can also build fault-tolerant systems.
To explore its in-depth features, you can go to https://hexdocs.pm/phoenix/overview.html.
- Language used: Elixir
- Framework link: https://phoenixframework.org/
- GitHub link: https://github.com/phoenixframework/phoenix
- Companies that used Phoenix: CARGOSENSE, Heroic Labs, Brightcove, Podium
CakePHP is a PHP-based back-end framework that enables developers to build web applications faster with less coding. It is suitable for both large and small applications. Being written in PHP7, it incorporates everything that the modern PHP framework has to offer, including improved error handling technique, flexible database layer and more.
- It enables you to generate code and build the prototype quickly.
- It is licensed under MIT, hence it is suitable for building commercial applications.
- It comes with in-built tools for:
- XSS protection
- CSRF protection
- SQL injection
- Form tampering protection
- Database access
- Translations and much more
- It ensures security, as its codebase has been audited through Mozilla Secure Open Source program.
- Language used: PHP7
- Framework link: https://cakephp.org/
- Latest release: CakePHP 3.8
- GitHub link: https://github.com/cakephp/cakephp
- Companies that used CakePHP: Express, BMW, Billabong, and Blendtec
- Sponsored by: CakeDC, Rackspace and stickeryou.com
7. Ruby on Rails
Ruby on Rails is a free and open-source back-end web development framework, written in Ruby language. It contains various predefined tools that developers can use to perform repetitive tasks. It offers almost every component that is needed to build web applications.
- It enables you to build lightweight apps that are easily testable and maintainable.
- It provides detailed error-logs, enabling developers to fix errors more easily in web apps.
- With its Convention over Configuration approach, it’s easier to make flexible and scalable web applications.
- With its readily available libraries and components, development and data handling tasks are easy.
- With its search engine indexing feature, it allows search engines to automatically index all the pages of your application.