Constant innovation of web and mobile applications has transformed the way enterprises deliver value to their customers. Organizations are spending a huge amount of money and time building intuitive user interfaces on the front-end. However, the back-end is really what drives the application to perform. Frameworks, are predefined structures of code that allow engineers to get past much of the tedious work more quickly. For many firms, the framework is the scaffolding used to build an application. In this article, we discuss our top picks for back-end frameworks and outline the key features per framework.

7. Ruby on Rails

Ruby on Rails (ROR) is a free and open-source back-end web development framework, written in Ruby language. It contains various predefined tools that developers can use to perform repetitive tasks. Out of the box it offers almost every major component that is needed to build many web applications.

Features:

  • ROR enables engineers to build lightweight apps that are easily testable and maintainable
  • ROR provides detailed error-logs, enabling developers to troubleshoot and fix errors more easily
  • With its Convention over Configuration approach, it’s easy to make flexible and scalable web applications
  • A wide set of readily available libraries called RubyGEMs, development and data handling tasks can easily be added in
  • With its search engine indexing feature, ROR allows search engines to automatically index all the pages of your application.

 Specifications:

6.  CakePHP

CakePHP is a PHP-based back-end framework that enables developers to build web applications faster with less coding. It is suitable for both large and small applications. Written in PHP7, it incorporates everything that the modern PHP framework has to offer, including improved error handling technique, a flexible database layer and more.

Features:

  • It enables you to generate code and build the prototype quickly.
  • It is licensed under MIT, hence it is suitable for building commercial applications.
  • It comes with in-built tools for:
    XSS protection
    CSRF protection
    SQL injection
    Input-validation
    Form tampering protection
    Database access
    Caching
    Translations and much more

Cake PHP is great at ensuring a tertiary level of security; its codebase has been audited through Mozilla Secure Open Source program.

Specifications:

5. Phoenix

Phoenix is a back-end framework written in Elixir (a functional programming language that runs on Erlang virtual machine). It is used to create modern web applications that are scalable and maintainable. Many of its concepts and components are similar to other web frameworks like Django and Ruby on Rails.

Features:

  • Phoenix boasts real-time streaming technology which allows engineers to build interactive apps facilitating including real-time chat, messaging apps, streaming via mobile app and more.
  • Strong productivity tools allow engineers to build fault-tolerant systems.

To explore its in-depth features, you can go to https://hexdocs.pm/phoenix/overview.html.

Specifications:

4. Express

Express is a free and open-source back-end development framework for web applications. It is considered one of the foremost frameworks for leveraging Node.js and supporting applications. It is widely used by developers to write web-based back-end applications and to create APIs with minimal effort. Express is fast and flexible, it is one of the most vital components of MEAN or MERN stack development.

Features:
Express.JS lets engineers create a templates engine, reducing development time and while running Express apps for production, it has the ability to:

  1. Restart the app if it crashes.

2. Extract insights into memory and resource consumption and run-time performance.

3. Modify settings accordingly in order to improve performance.

It should be restated that one of the major benefits of Express.JS is that It offers various HTTP utilities to create robust APIs.

Specifications:

  1. Language used: JavaScript

2. Framework Link: http://expressjs.com/

3. Github Link: https://github.com/strongloop/express

4. Websites that used Express: Uber, Accenture, IBM, Myspace

3. Spring Boot

Spring boot is a Java-based framework that makes back-end web development tasks easy for developers. Spring enables developers to write production-grade back-end web applications in Java. With its microservices feature, it allows developers to handle large loads of requests from various devices and platforms. While somewhat declining in use among developers globally the framework is robust and used by enterprise firms globally.

Features:

  • Spring is used to build stand-alone back-end web applications that are ready-to-run
  • With Spring Boot, developers can add dependencies in their project with ease
  • Spring Boot CLI (Command Line Interface by Spring), allows developers to write in Groovy, a programming language for the Java platform that simplifies the development process
  • Spring doesn’t require any code generation and XML (eXtensible Markup Language) configuration, making it easier for developers to create applications

Specifications:

1. Latest Version : Spring Boot 2.0

2. Language used: Java

3. Framework Link: http://projects.spring.io/spring-framework/

4. Github Link : https://github.com/spring-projects/spring-framework

Websites using Spring : Allocine, Mascus

2. Laravel

Lavarel is a back-end framework based on PHP that lets engineers deliver amazing applications. With its clean and elegant code syntax, it helps developers push their web development skills to the next level. Laravel is very well utilized across the web and has its own database migration system that allows developer teams to easily build, modify and share the application database schema (a visual representation of a database).

Features  (It has a robust ecosystem with many known packages)
Envoyer - lets you to deploy your application very rapidly.

Horizon - provides a beautiful dashboard that allows engineers to easily analyze and monitor  desired outputs, including runtime, failures, and throughput

Lumen - is a perfect solution to make Lavarel based micro-services and APIs.

Nova - is an administration panel by Lavarel that help developers to become more productive in less time.

Spark - Lavarel package provides code generation technique for every item that you may not want to code, such as subscription billing, invoices, authentication, password reset, etc. Features also include:

  1. Implementing real-time chat applications
  2. A modern toolkit, including a powerful queue library, routing, simple authentication and amazing Object Relational Model (ORM) to deliver an amazing application.

Forge - (a serverless PHP structure by Lavarel), allows for deployment of unlimited PHP applications on AWS, DigitalOcean(Try DigitalOcean with a $100 credit)and more

Specifications:

1. Django

Django is a free and open-source back-end web development framework based on Python. It has everything that developers need for back-end functionalities. It doesn’t require you to do a lot of coding while building simple web apps. Developed in a fast-paced newsroom environment, it enables developers to build apps quickly.

Industry leaders are using Django to build all sorts of things- from social networks to Content Management System (CMS) and scientific computing platforms. It’s a good fit for you if you have to build large applications.

Django is disproportionately becoming the number one development framework of chose for new software programs.

Features:

  • Django takes care of all your web development tasks, including site maps, RSS feeds, content administration, user authentication and more.
  • With its command-line utilities to create, you can automatically create database tables.
  • It enables you to design your own models and solve your database schema issues.
  • Once you define your model, it can automatically create a profound and production-ready admin interface.
  • It provides you the following security features:

1. Protects from XXS attacks, meaning when an attacker sends malicious code to different end-users via a web application.

2. Protects from CSRF attacks, meaning an attack that persuades end-users to execute unwanted actions (like clicking on any event) on the website in which they are the authorized user.  

3. Django helps protect from  SQL injection, an attack that results in data leakage or deleted data

  • Engineering teams can use Django to quickly stand up applications with core features in order to focus on developing new features.

Specifications of Django:

  1. Latest Version : Django 2.2.4
  2. Language used: Python
  3. Website Link: https://www.djangoproject.com
  4. Github Link : https://github.com/django/django
  5. Websites using Django : National Geographic, Mozilla, Quora, Disqus , Pinterest, Instagram