Python offers a wide range of frameworks. These frameworks are making the life of web developers easier by enabling them to build all types of web applications (small, large, complex and lightweight) quickly. Every framework has its own set of issues and advantages. But Flask and Django frameworks are the most popular among developers. To know the biggest difference between Django and Flask and which framework to choose between these two for your next project, here is some information to get you started.
Django brands itself as “the web framework for perfectionists with deadlines”. It is a free and open-source Python framework that enables you to build amazing web applications in a short time. You just need to focus on writing code for your application, and Django will take care of everything else (including security, versatility, scalability, and flexibility).
Why Django for your web application development?
Powerful form library
Django offers a powerful library that can do the following:
- Manage rendering HTML forms
- Then validate the data submitted by users
- Convert these user-submitted data into Python types.
Django library handles these critical tasks, making developers more focused on other priority tasks required to build and run applications. It enables developers to take the applications from the initial stage (where the idea just began) to the completion stage as quickly as possible.
2. Well-structured templates
Django’s template language is very simple and easy-to-understand. Individuals who are working as designers and front-end developers can easily learn this language. It is also highly scalable and flexible, enabling developers to extend the template language as per the application requirement.
Django has a secure authentication protocol that manages administrator accounts, user accounts, cookie-based user sessions, and permissions. It allows you to easily create secure websites where users can create accounts and sign in or sign out safely. Django also comes with a robust protection system that protects your application against: cross-site scripting, clickjacking, SQL injection, remote code execution and Cross-Site Request Forgery (CSRF).
Companies are betting on the Django framework
Django has a highly customizable structure with a fully-equipped toolkit, making itself the biggest player on the market.
Examples of some tech-giants that used Django:
1. Instagram According to Hui Ding (an Instagram engineer), “Do the simple things first” is the main motto for Instagram engineers. And this is what Django allows engineers to do. Django has a very user-friendly, clean, simple and pragmatic approach.
Spotify has used the Django framework along with the Python language to build its app.
YouTube has implemented most of its new features and upgrades using the Django framework.
DropBox has used the Django framework to enable synchronization, storing and sharing options for a wide range of file types.
Flask is a microframework (meaning minimalistic web application framework) that is very easy to start with as a beginner. With the Flask framework, building apps is simple, fun and manageable. In contrast to the Django framework, Flask uses very little boilerplate code (meaning the section of code that developers include in various places of the app with little to no alteration) to get the apps up and running. This, in turn, makes Flask a great choice for beginners. Flask is mainly used for small and lightweight applications that have simple hardware and software requirements.
Examples of the companies that used Flask
Here are some key differences between Flask and Django. Let’s have a look.
Flask vs. Django
1. Flask is a minimalist Python web framework while Django is a full-stack Python web framework
As we discussed earlier, Flask is a lightweight, simple and minimalist web framework, helping developers to build extensible and simple applications. Being a minimalist framework, it lacks some of the features such as data abstraction, bootstrapping, template engine, etc. Whereas Django is a full-stack Python web framework that includes several built-in features, such as URL routing, bootstrapping, migration and database abstraction. Unlike Flask, Django has a powerful template engine and Object-Relational Mapping (ORM) system that enables developers to create highly customized applications.
2. Unlike Flask, Django has a simpler functional admin interface
The functional admin interface is what makes Django a powerful web framework. Unlike Flask, Django has a ready-to-use admin framework that enables users to carry out the project administration tasks seamlessly. Based on the project, it automatically generates admin modules. Developers can even customize the admin interface in order to meet the specific business needs.
3. Unlike Flask, Django comes with a built-in template engine
Unlike Django, Flask doesn’t have a built-in template engine. Flask is based on the Jinja2 template engine. Jinja2 is itself influenced by the Django template engine. It uses an integrated sandboxed execution environment, allowing developers to speed up the development process for dynamic web applications. Whereas, Django includes a built-in template engine that allows developers to create user-facing layers for web applications seamlessly and quickly.
4. Unlike Flask, Django has a bootstrapping tool
With Django-admin (a built-in bootstrapping tool for Django), developers can build and deliver web applications quickly.
- Django also enables developers to segregate a project into a number of modules (these modules are the applications).
- Within the project, developers can implement Django-admin to build new applications.
- To meet the specific business requirements, they can further enhance the applications by adding new functionalities.
5. Unlike Django, Flask promotes flexibility
Django comes with “batteries included,” so to speak. This means it has various tools and libraries required to develop a wide range of web-applications. Some of the Django batteries include HTTP libraries, authentication, middlewares, ORM, Django admin, etc. Django doesn’t allow developers to use third-party tools and libraries, hence limiting the flexibility and options for the applications. With Django, developers have to use only Django’s built-in features, tools, and libraries to build applications.
Whereas Flask is a microframework with customizable architecture, allowing developers to create web applications using various web development libraries and tools from third-parties. This, in turn, makes the Flask web framework more flexible than the Django framework.
6. Unlike Flask, Django supports ORM
Django has support for the ORM system. Advantage of ORM system includes:
- Developers can take advantage of the ORM system to work with a variety of databases, including PostgreSQL, SQLite, Oracle, MySQL and more.
- Developers don’t need to write lengthy SQL queries to implement common database operations.
Whereas, Flask doesn’t support the ORM system. Developers are required to write SQLAlchemy (Object Relational Mapper and SQL toolkit for Python) in order to perform common database operations.
Django is an amazing platform for building large projects. It is considered one of the most efficient, reliable, secure and architecturally sound frameworks for larger applications. However, it is not always a great fit for smaller projects. The reason behind this is its monolithic and heavy structure can create difficulty for developers who want to build highly customizable apps quickly.
Since Flask is a microframework, it can be used to build small and lightweight applications only, without requiring extra effort and time. It enables developers to use third-party libraries and tools, allowing them to develop flexible applications. However, it is not the appropriate choice for complex and larger projects.
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